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Lesson 1, Topic 62
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Key Language Copy

Words mean things.

Microassaults

Definition

Of the three types of microaggressions, microassaults are perhaps the easiest to identify and most closely related to outright prejudice and discrimination. Derald Wing Sue (2010, p. 28) describes microassaults as u201cconscious, deliberate and either subtle or explicit u2026 biased attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors that are communicated to marginalized groups through environmental cues, verbalizations, or behaviors.u201d

Microinsults

Microinsults

Microinsults are described by Sue (2010, p. 31) as u201ccharacterized by interpersonal or environmental communications that convey stereotypes, rudeness, and insensitivity and that demean u2026 a personu2019s identity.u201d Unlike microassaults, microinsults are often committed unconsciously and may seem more subtle, yet still cast a negative light on a particular personal characteristic or demographic group.

Microinvalidations

Microinsults

Microinvalidations, in the words of Sue (2010, p. 37) , are u201ccharacterized by communications or environmental cues that exclude, negate, or nullify the thoughts, feelings, or experiential realities of certain groups.u201d By questioning the accuracy and validity of another individualu2019s personal experience, one is casting aside those experiences as being less relevant than oneu2019s own perceptions and experiences.